And I looked, and there in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubim, there appeared something like a sapphire stone, having the appearance of the likeness of a throne.
(Ezekiel 10:1) NKJV
The Hebrew word translated firmament is raqia. Some people struggle to interpret the firmament, most don’t bother. A simple definition is expanse so most translations render the meaning as “the expanse of the sky.”
Zebulun shall dwell at the shore of the sea; he shall become a haven for ships, and his border shall be at Sidon.
(Genesis 49:13) ESV
The word translated “and his border,” in a verse about geography is also translated as “the sides of the pit,” in references to parts of sheol, the underworld realm of the dead. It’s the extreme edge or periphery of a region.
To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.
(Ezekiel 31:14) KJV
If you know anything about Old Testament Hebrew you’ll be familiar a form of writing known as the couplet. Is there a triplet? Ezekiel uses triplets to educate us about a descent into the interior of the Earth.
For you will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption.
(Psalms 16:10) ESV
Sheol refers to life beyond the grave, quite literally an underworld realm of the dead. It’s also modified in a variety of ways which can be grouped to correspond to the regions of the interior of the Earth.
In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
(Genesis 7:11-12) KJV
IF God saw the wickedness of man,
AND decided to take action,
THEN the fountains of the great deep were established either:
as a hedge against this outcome or,
they existed for an unrelated reason.
The existence of hell isn’t an example of God being mean. Hell is the default outcome for all matter and souls, however there is a freely available alternative: faith and life in Jesus Christ.
While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.
(Proverbs 8:26) KJV
We have closed the loop on the idea that the topography of the dry land on the 3rd day was a mountain that filled the whole earth. The summit: Eden. We are also beginning to deduce earth’s original hydrological cycle.
But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner’s fire, and like fullers’ soap:
( Malachi 3:2 )
soap: וּכְבֹרִ֖ית – borith
lye ( Sodium hydroxide, NaOH ),
soap, used in washing
The coming judgment of God is described as being, among other things, like being washed with strong soap. Let’s take a look at the word translated as “soap” and see if it has any connection with Chemistry.