March 17

The Foundations of the World

Then the earth reeled and rocked; the foundations also of the mountains trembled and quaked, because he was angry.

(Psalms 18:7) ESV

Our model of the interior of the Earth groups the various ways which the Hebrew words erets (earth), tebel (world) and sheol (hell) are modified in alignment with the regions of the Earth deduced from seismology.

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The Foundations of the World

Then the channels of the sea were seen, and the foundations of the world were laid bare at your rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of your nostrils.

(Psalms 18:15) ESV

It’s very important to understand nuance. It’s what we may call having discernment. Two similar phrases my mean different things because they have different tense or depending on if they are singular or plural.

The foundation of the world, for instance, when it’s singular and translated from Greek refers to the act of conception by which God the son was begotten. This explains the context of the phrase slain from the foundation of the world.

The foundation(s) of the world, in contrast, when it’s plural and translated from Hebrew refers to the crust and mantle of planet Earth.

Foundation(s) of the World/Earth

  1. the foundation of the world (Greek, singular)
    • conception
      • before God said let there be light,
      • the act of conception which begat God the Son.
  2. the foundation(s) of the earth (Hebrew)
    • gravitational singularity
      • the creative act of the 2nd day,
      • the inception of the core accretion model.
  3. the foundations of the world (Hebrew, plural)
    • the earth’s crust and mantle,
      • synonyms:
        1. bottoms of the mountains
        2. foundations of the hills
        3. foundations of the mountains

There’s a clear difference between the Hebrew erets (earth), and tebel (world). In the passage from Psalms above The foundations of the world (tebel) refers to the crust and mantle which were exposed as the ocean floor.

And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.

(2 Samuel 22:16) KJV

The passage from the Psalms is a restatement of this verse from 2 Samuel. It’s an excerpt from a prayer that King David prayed after surviving a series of battles with his enemies. He was giving thanks to God for protection and deliverance. The prayer refers to miraculous acts of God which were taught as part of the history of the children of Israel. It’s a reference to parting the Red Sea when the Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt.

This being the case, then the foundations of the world (tebel) was the exposed ocean floor that the children of Israel walked across to escape the Egyptian army. The foundation of the earth (erets) in our model is the core not the mantle. It’s below the lower mantle and separated from it by the great gulf.

This image may not be used to state or imply NOAA endorsement of any company or product Japan’s coastal sea floor topography. Computer model of ocean floor depth (bathymetry) off the eastern coast of Japan. The peaks are underwater mountains and volcanoes. The tectonic plate boundary is marked by the deep trench running through centre. It was here that a massive offshore earthquake on 11 March 2011 caused a tsunami that devastated the coast around Sendai. The sharp transition in depth increased the impact of this tsunami. This model, using the ETOPO-1 dataset, was produced by the Environmental Visualization Laboratory of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).