Voyager Found the Firmament

Thus saith the LORD; If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith the LORD.

(Jeremiah 31:37) KJV

The Voyager spacecraft have been on their missions since 1977 and have flown far past the orbits of the planets in our solar system. They took a solar system family portrait and found the firmament.

The image here was taken by Voyager 1 by aiming its cameras back towards the Earth and taking a series of pictures.

Predictive Testable Hypothesis 3

  • IF there is a firmament of rigid crystalline construction on the edge of space,
    • AND it has a gravitational interaction on planetary bodies,
    • AND on deep space missions such as Voyager and New Horizons,
  • THEN the influence of the firmament will be detectable.

The sun is not large as seen from Voyager, only about one-fortieth of the diameter as seen from Earth.

Are we really sure that we want to believe that it’s not what we can see in a photograph from far out in space?

There’s an interesting phenomena regarding the transmissions from the Voyager spacecraft. Their transmissions are affected by a Doppler shift which varies at different times of the year. In our heliocentric, or sun centered, concept of the universe this has a pretty simple explanation: Voyager is moving at a constant rate away from the sun. As the Earth orbits the sun there is a period of time during the year when it appears that the Earth is catching up to Voyager. The Earth is moving faster in its orbit than Voyager is out into space. This means that for a while the distance between Voyager and earth actually gets smaller, before getting larger again as the Earth’s orbit moves away from Voyager.

So how do we account for this given that our belief is that the earth is at the center and is not moving? It’s simply a matter of frame of reference, or point of view.

In our geocentrospheric model the Sun has a helical orbit of the earth. It takes 6 months for the sun to go from the point of its northernmost orbit to its southernmost orbit. This doesn’t change anything that we see. This is why in the heliocentric model the earth axis is tilted by 23.5 degrees.

At its southernmost orbit the sun is closer to Voyager, which is below the plane of the ecliptic. When the sun is aligned between Earth and Voyager the gravitational pull causes Voyager back towards the Earth. As the suns orbit tracks northward its gravitational influence on Voyager drops. Now there has to be something with a large mass in outer space that could cause Voyager to head back into space. What could this be but the firmament?

Earth-sun radial distance vs. the Sun's orbital radius.
The sun, Helios, has a helical orbit. It’s how we account for eccentricity in the Sun’s orbit.

The graphic only shows 7 orbits for the sun, but in reality there are 365 orbits per year that have a helical track from the southern extreme to the northern extreme. The radius of the suns orbit doesn’t change.

Voyagers path epicycles.

Voyager Flight Path

This graphic includes adjustable options for how you view the animation. You can view the it from any frame of reference in the solar system using a drop down menu.

Voyager I and II Flight Path

  1. You will need a desktop browser.
  2. Use the sidebar on the right to show the options.
  3. Select earth as the frame of reference.
    • Bingo!
    • Now you can see the flight path of the Voyagers, and the other planetary bodies, as they epicycle through space in a Geocentrospheric computer model.

The Planets Today

It’s potentially possible to calculate a mass of and distance to the firmament using Voyager data, however this is unlikely given the passage from Jeremiah. Besides, it’s a calculation, not a measurement.

Of course, sooner or later the gravitational attraction of the firmament will become so strong that it overcomes the gravitational influence of the sun and earth. Shortly thereafter Voyager will inexplicably disappear. It’s going to crash into the firmament one day.

Voyager goes interstellar
Voyager goes interstellar


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