March 29

Hell: αδη – Hadés

And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

(Luke 16:23) KJV

We’ve made an extensive study of the ways in which the interior of the Earth is described in Old Testament Hebrew, but how is it described in New Testament Greek? The doctrine isn’t as well developed but it overlaps harmoniously.

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The Lehmann Discontinuity

saying, “I called out to the LORD, out of my distress, and he answered me; out of the belly of Sheol I cried, and you heard my voice.

(Jonah 2:2) ESV

Sheol, it turns out, is a lot of things. There’s a midst of sheol, a belly of sheol and a lowest sheol. The Hebrew word is modified in logical groupings that correspond to the regions of the interior of the Earth.

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The Midst of Hell

The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.

(Ezekiel 32:21) KJV

It’s universally believed today that hell, translated from either the Hebrew sheol or Greek hades is mythological, after all, there’s no world below where souls go when their bodies die, right? Is there?

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Hell: αδη – Hadés

And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

(Luke 16:23) KJV

The New Testament (Greek) references to hell and the interior of the earth are in harmony with the spherical hollow earth model (SHEM) which we have constructed from the Old Testament (Hebrew).

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The Ground: הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה – adamah

Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

(Genesis 3:23) KJV

Levels of Hell

The Levels of Hell

LevelGrave (sheol)
Pit
(sahat/bowr)
Earth (erets)World (tebel)
Crustsheoleretstebel
Mantlemibbeten sheol
tavek sheol
yerekah bowr
tachti erets
erets tachti
mowcadah tebel
Great Gulf
(outer core)
bad sheolerets beriach
matsuq erets
mayim tachath erets
Core
(inner core)
sheol tachti
tachti erets
bowr, shachath
missahat beli
mowcadar erets
– The levels of hell correspond to the four zones of the interior of the Earth.

The Hebrews had a well developed idea of life after death. For them death, the grave, was a portal into a complex underworld realm. The grave is just the beginning of what happens next.

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