March 29

Hell: αδη – Hadés

And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

(Luke 16:23) KJV

We’ve made an extensive study of the ways in which the interior of the Earth is described in Old Testament Hebrew, but how is it described in New Testament Greek? The doctrine isn’t as well developed but it overlaps harmoniously.

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March 20

The Sides of the Pit

Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword: Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.

(Ezekiel 32:22-23) KJV

We’ve seen in scripture that, after death, all souls go to the grave. This is one of the ways that the word sheol is translated. We’ve found that after that there are two possible outcomes:

  1. Those who knew the Lord during their life remain in the mantle,
  2. Those who rejected the Lord descend into the core.
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Hypothesis 28

O LORD, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.

(Psalms 30:3) KJV

You can come back from the grave but you can’t come back from the pit? That makes sense if the grave is the mantle and the pit is the core. Sheol includes the pit, but the pit is a part of sheol that you can’t come back from.

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Graves and Pits

O LORD, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.

(Psalms 30:3) KJV

One of the repercussions of the fall of man on creation was the start of nuclear decay. This was the beginning of hell, or at least, part of it. Hell is a complex of the regions of the interior of the Earth.

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Sheol

For you will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption.

(Psalms 16:10) ESV

Sheol refers to life beyond the grave, quite literally an underworld realm of the dead. It’s also modified in a variety of ways which can be grouped to correspond to the regions of the interior of the Earth.

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The Ground: הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה – adamah

Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

(Genesis 3:23) KJV

Levels of Hell

The Levels of Hell

LevelGrave (sheol)
Pit
(sahat/bowr)
Earth (erets)World (tebel)
Crustsheoleretstebel
Mantlemibbeten sheol
tavek sheol
yerekah bowr
tachti erets
erets tachti
mowcadah tebel
Great Gulf
(outer core)
bad sheolerets beriach
matsuq erets
mayim tachath erets
Core
(inner core)
sheol tachti
tachti erets
bowr, shachath
missahat beli
mowcadar erets
– The levels of hell correspond to the four zones of the interior of the Earth.

The Hebrews had a well developed idea of life after death. For them death, the grave, was a portal into a complex underworld realm. The grave is just the beginning of what happens next.

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