The Foundations of the Heavens
And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.(Revelation 21:19-20) KJV
Understanding how the heavens were constructed allows us to interpret scripture and account for empirical observations of the cosmos, including 85% of the mass of the universe that popular science (SciPop) can’t find.
We can then go on to propose a mechanism for how the inner surface of the firmament was blackened at the beginning of the fourth day.
The key is the creation of gravity on the second day. This is covered in the daily devotional for February. God metaphorically set a compass (drawing instrument) on the face of the deep. The point of the compass is a gravitational singularity that the Bible refers to as the foundations of the earth. The circle, or sphere, drawn is raqia, the firmament, a horizontal expanse or stretched out thinness like a metal sheet. It wasn’t metal, however, but has a layered crystalline construction according to our featured passage.
The Earth condensed into a solid sphere of concentrically layered sediment. This is consistent with physical remains of Precambrian geological features such as the Banded Iron Formations. It’s when the fossils of the Ediacaran biota were deposited.
Something analogous to this was happening in the firmament. What may have begun as a loose accumulation of light-weight open-lattice compounds with low density crystallized to become rigid. It, like the Earth, is spherical, but it’s a size so great that it’s at the edge of space. What we arbitrarily call Quasars are the windows of the heavens which are mentioned in Genesis 7:11 and 8:2.
Hypothesis 31 is that the heavens are a layered crystalline structure which condensed out of the waters of the deep, doesn’t seem far-fetched when we consider the passage today. In fact, knowing the end from the beginning and the beginning from the end, its description of the foundations of heaven as a layered structure of twelve different crystalline compounds is a perfect fit.