And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.(Revelation 16:21) KJV
Can we calculate a new planetary radius for the Millennial Kingdom based on what Revelation tells us about how much stellar material will fall to Earth? How many stars are there? What’s the weight of a talent?
Something dramatic, well more dramatic, has to happen to change the Earth, after 6 of the 7 trumpets have blown, into a Millennial Kingdom which has a hydrological system which will refresh and restore the Earth’s rivers, lakes and the sea. If we’re going to be literally literal with what the Bible tells us then there’s a lot of stellar material to account for. This has to be part of our model.
How much stellar material?
During the tribulation there are plagues of hail as stellar material falls and three major extraterrestrial impacts. That’s before before we get to the great hail which falls after the final trumpet sounds.
Star Fall Material Summary
- 1st Trumpet/Vial – hail and fire mingled with blood.
- Extraterrestrial Impacts:
- 2nd Trumpet/Vial – a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea.
- 3rd Trumpet/Vial – a great star from heaven .. called Wormwood.
- 5th Trumpet/Vial – a star fall from heaven unto the earth .. opened the bottomless pit.
- 4th Trumpet/Vial – the third part of the stars.
- 7th Trumpet/Vial – a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent.
Let’s analyze some possibilities by considering the verse above with these two below:
And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.(Revelation 6:13) KJV
And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.(Revelation 8:12) KJV
Let’s ponder a narrative: One third of the stars go dark. Stars reflect the light of the sun. They may go dark because they’re falling from the heavens. They burn as they pass through the atmosphere so that they’re about the weight of a talent when they impact the Earth. By the time they reach the Earth it’s the seventh trumpet and they fall as great hail.
Now let’s do some math: What’s the weight of a talent? Let’s ask Wikipedia:
Talent, when used as a measure of money, it refers to a talent-weight of gold or of silver. The gold talent is reported as weighing roughly the same as a person, and so perhaps 50 kg (110 lb avoirdupois).– Talent, definition (Wikipedia)
Let’s say that there are a billion billion stars. That’s one Sagan. If one-third of these fall to the Earth, each the weight of a talent, and taking a talent to be 50Kg, then the volume of that mass, using the density of sapphire as a number, can be calculated:
Volume of Stellar Material
- 5.00E+19 Kg (Mass of stars (a billion billion talents))
- divided by 3 (Mass of 1/3 stars that falls from the heavens)
- = 1.67E+19 Kg
- divided by 3.98E+06 Kg/m³ (Density of Sapphire)
- = 4.19E+12 m³ (Volume of star material that falls from the heavens)
A great mountain burning with fire (Rev 8:8) isn’t the same kind of star as the ones that fall like hail, but it’s most likely the planet Mercury. As far as the Bible is concerned, the planets are stars, but a “great star,” appears to refer to what we call a planet. It’s necessary to use the Matty’s Constant mass for the planet Mercury, calculated by using Newton’s law of universal gravitation and Kepler’s third law of planetary motion with the assumption of a Geocentrospheric cosmos. We have to guess the density of Mercury, but we’ll just assume that it’s similar to the Earth.
Volume of Mercury
- 3.24E+12 Kg (Matty’s Constant Mass of Mercury)
- divided by 5.50E+06 Kg/m³ (Density of Mercury?)
- = 5.89E+05 m3 (Volume of Mercury)
We also have to consider the identity of the star Wormwood and the star which opens the bottomless pit. These also add volume to the total of stellar material. However, we’re getting deep into the realm of speculation to the point that this is really a thought experiment. We’ll just use the volume of Mercury until we see a compelling rationale to add more material. This is the material with which God is going to form a new surface for the Millennial Kingdom.
We can make some approximate calculations of the volume of material and then estimate what the radius of the Millennial Kingdom will be using the formula for how to calculate the volume of a sphere.
Volume of Mercury + stars + earth
- 5.27E+12 Kg/m³ (Volume of Mercury + stars + earth)
- Millennial Kingdom radius 10,795 Km
Accounting for the vast volume of stellar material that is going to fall from the heavens during the tribulation leads us to conclude that the Earth’s radius is going to increase from 6,371 Km to approximately 10,795 Km.
Earlier in the tribulation the continental landmasses are brought together into a super-continent, Pangaea 2.0. This will be lifted up and reshaped into one great mountain that fills the whole Earth – at the new radius. Jerusalem and the temple of the Lord will be on a plateau at the summit. A hydrological cycle will be re-established.