March 13th

The Ground

Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

(Genesis 3:23) KJV

In March we’re examining what the Bible tells us about planet Earth to deduce a model of Earth’s internal structure. This model has to accommodate all of the physical features mentioned in the Bible.

It has to be possible to modify the model over time to reflect the physical changes which transform the Earth as God created it, into the planet that we know: present day Earth.

We all have the same evidence. Our choice of paradigm determines what we think it’s evidence of.

Matty’s Razor

So far we’ve considered features which pertain to the surface of the earth, the ground, including topography and the development of vegetation. In the passage above the ground is a translation of the Hebrew word הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה – adamah, from whence Adam gets his name since he was made from the dust of the ground.

And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

(Genesis 2:7) KJV

For the rest of the month we are going to go below the surface and consider what the Bible tells us about the other regions: the mantle, the great gulf, and the core. Before we do though we will mention a couple of other things.

Faith is believing in something that you can’t see, because of evidence.

– Faith, definition

Earth or World?

Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.

(Proverbs 8:31) KJV

Planet earth is referred to using the Hebrew word אֶ֔רֶץ – erets. It’s modified in many ways and gives a lot of detail about the earth’s structure. Another phrase which occurs quite often is the world. This is a different Hebrew word תֵּבֵֽל – tebel, and it has a different sense. Whereas the earth refers to the planet beneath our feet, the world frequently refers to us – the people of the earth. The world then is the habitable portion of the earth and the people in it.

In the passage above the Hebrew tebel is rendered as habitable. The world is part of the earth, but it’s not all of it. Hence tebel, the world, is context dependent. It’s important to know what the passage you’re looking at is about in order to know what the world refers to in each instance.


  1. Call upon the name of Jesus Christ,
    • believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead,
  2. confess your sin.

The Grave: שְׁא֣וֹל – sheol

I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.

(Hosea 13:14) KJV

A word frequently translated as the grave is the Hebrew שְׁא֣וֹל – sheol, but sheol is far more than just the grave. It’s modified in ways which are very similar to the ways that erets is modified to describe regions of the interior of the earth, so much so that the two are harmonious in describing four regions, or levels, which are synonymous with the zones of the internal structure of the earth.

Levels of Hell

Grave (sheol)
Pit (sahat/bowr)
Earth (erets)World (tebel)
Mantlemibbeten sheol
tavek sheol
yerekah bowr
tachti erets
erets tachti
mowcadah tebel
Great Gulf
(outer core)
bad sheolerets beriach
matsuq erets
mayim tachath erets
(inner core)
sheol tachti
tachti erets
bowr, shachath
missahat beli
mowcadar erets
– The levels of hell correspond to the four zones of the interior of the Earth.
The Levels of Hell

The way of life is above to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath.

(Proverbs 15:24) KJV

Starting March 15 we’ll look at Biblical references to features of the mantle, but tomorrow’s a special day: Tomorrow is Π day! In the meantime, here are summary tables showing how we can group the physical features of earth which are mentioned in the Bible according to how the Hebrew words erets, sheol and tebel have been modified. Here’s the mindmap which helped us to get this organized.

Summary Tables

Biblical Features of the Crust and Surface

Coasts of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 25:323/12
Corners of the earth3/12
Dry landyabbashahGenesis 1:9-103/3
EartheretsGenesis 1:103/13
Earth above the waterseretsPsalms 136:63/6
Eden, East of EdenedenGenesis 2:8-15; 3:233/4
Ends of the earthqatsah eretsJob 28:243/12
Face of the worldpaneh tebelIsaiah 14:21
Farthest parts of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 25:323/12
Fountains of the great deepmayanahGenesis 7:113/6
GravesheolPsalms 30:33/13
GroundadamahGenesis 3:233/13
Heads (headwaters)roshGenesis 2:103/4
Highest partroshProverbs 8:263/4
Sides of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 6:223/12
Waterspouts (waterfalls)tsinnuwrPsalms 42:73/4
WorldtebelProverbs 8:26; 313/13
– Physical features of the Crust in Scripture.

Biblical Features of the Mantle

Abraham’s BosomkolposLuke 16:2216
Belly of hellmibbeten sheolJonah 2:216
Bottoms of the mountainsqetseb harJonah 2:616
Chambers of deathchadrei mavethProverbs 7:27
Foundations of the hillsmowcadar harPsalms 18:717
Foundations of the mountainsmowcadar harDeut. 32:2217
Foundations of the worldmowcadah tebelPsalms 18:1517
GravesheolEzekiel 31:1619
Lower parts of the Earthtachti eretsEzekiel 32:2418
Midst of helltavek sheolEzekiel 32:2119
Nether parts of the Eartherets tachtiEzekiel 26:2018
Sides of the pityerekah bowrEzekiel 32:2120
– Physical features of the Mantle in Scripture

Biblical Features of the Great Gulf

Bars of the eartherets beriachJonah 2:621
Bars of the pitbad sheolJob 17:1621
Beams of his chambersqarah mayim aliyyahPsalms 104:321
Great deep, depthstehomProverbs 8:2422
Great gulfchasma megaLuke 16:2621
Pillars of the earthmatsuq erets1 Samuel 2:821
Waters under the earthmayim tachath eretsDeuteronomy 5:822
– Physical features of the Great Gulf (Outer Core) in Scripture

Biblical Features of the Core

Bottomless pitphrear tes abyssouRevelation 9:1-23/29
Foundations of the earthmowcadar eretsJeremiah 31:372/10
HellhadesLuke 16:263/29
Helltartarus2 Peter 2:43/29
Hell belowsheol tachathIsaiah 14:93/27
Hell firegehenna pyrosMatthew 5:223/29
Lowest hellsheol tachtiDeuteronomy 32:223/27
Lowest parts of the earthtachti eretsPsalms 139:156/7
Pitbowr, shachathIsaiah 38:183/26
Pit of corruptionmissahat beliIsaiah 38:173/26
– Physical features of the Core in Scripture.

Read through the Bible in a year

Reading planMarch 13
Linear1 Samuel 2-4
ChronologicalDeuteronomy 5-7
– Read 3 chapters every day and 5 chapters on Sundays


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