And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
(Luke 16:23) KJV
We’ve made an extensive study of the ways in which the interior of the Earth is described in Old Testament Hebrew, but how is it described in New Testament Greek? The doctrine isn’t as well developed but it overlaps harmoniously.
To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.
(Ezekiel 31:14) KJV
If you know anything about Old Testament Hebrew you’ll be familiar a form of writing known as the couplet. Is there a triplet? Ezekiel uses triplets to educate us about a descent into the interior of the Earth.
Then the earth reeled and rocked; the foundations also of the mountains trembled and quaked, because he was angry.
(Psalms 18:7) ESV
Our model of the interior of the Earth groups the various ways which the Hebrew words erets (earth), tebel (world) and sheol (hell) are modified in alignment with the regions of the Earth deduced from seismology.
Then the channels of the sea were seen, and the foundations of the world were laid bare at your rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of your nostrils.
(Psalms 18:15) ESV
It’s very important to understand nuance. It’s what we may call having discernment. Two similar phrases my mean different things because they have different tense or depending on if they are singular or plural.
The foundation of the world, for instance, when it’s singular and translated from Greek refers to the act of conception by which God the son was begotten. This explains the context of the phrase slain from the foundation of the world.
The foundation(s) of the world, in contrast, when it’s plural and translated from Hebrew refers to the crust and mantle of planet Earth.
There’s a clear difference between the Hebrew erets (earth), and tebel (world). In the passage from Psalms above The foundations of the world (tebel) refers to the crust and mantle which were exposed as the ocean floor.
And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.
(2 Samuel 22:16) KJV
The passage from the Psalms is a restatement of this verse from 2 Samuel. It’s an excerpt from a prayer that King David prayed after surviving a series of battles with his enemies. He was giving thanks to God for protection and deliverance. The prayer refers to miraculous acts of God which were taught as part of the history of the children of Israel. It’s a reference to parting the Red Sea when the Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt.
This being the case, then the foundations of the world (tebel) was the exposed ocean floor that the children of Israel walked across to escape the Egyptian army. The foundation of the earth (erets) in our model is the core not the mantle. It’s below the lower mantle and separated from it by the great gulf.
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
(Genesis 2:8) KJV
Devolution is the process of genetic change over time by which the animals saved on Noah’s ark gave rise to the distribution of current biodiversity.
The probability that four habits evolved in 620 plant families is a number too big to display in Google Sheets. The probability that four habits were created with 620 flower types is not that big. Occam’s razor that.
And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.
(Genesis 2:5-6) KJV
On the 3rd day there was no rain upon the earth and there was not a man to till the ground. On the 6th day there was a man in the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it, logically there was also rain.