March 29

Hell: αδη – Hadés

And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

(Luke 16:23) KJV

We’ve made an extensive study of the ways in which the interior of the Earth is described in Old Testament Hebrew, but how is it described in New Testament Greek? The doctrine isn’t as well developed but it overlaps harmoniously.

Continue reading “March 29”

The Hebrew Triplet

To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

(Ezekiel 31:14) KJV

If you know anything about Old Testament Hebrew you’ll be familiar a form of writing known as the couplet. Is there a triplet? Ezekiel uses triplets to educate us about a descent into the interior of the Earth.

Continue reading “The Hebrew Triplet”

March 17

The Foundations of the World

Then the earth reeled and rocked; the foundations also of the mountains trembled and quaked, because he was angry.

(Psalms 18:7) ESV

Our model of the interior of the Earth groups the various ways which the Hebrew words erets (earth), tebel (world) and sheol (hell) are modified in alignment with the regions of the Earth deduced from seismology.

Continue reading “March 17”

Biblical Features of the Crust and Surface

Prepare slaughter for his sons because of the guilt of their fathers, lest they rise and possess the earth, and fill the face of the world with cities.

(Isaiah 14:21) ESV

The Bible includes many references to physical features and structures in the Earth’s crust and on the surface.

UsageTransliterationScripturePost
Coasts of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 25:323/12
Corners of the earth3/12
Dry landyabbashahGenesis 1:9-103/3
EartheretsGenesis 1:103/13
Earth above the waterseretsPsalms 136:63/6
Eden, East of EdenedenGenesis 2:8-15; 3:233/4
Ends of the earthqatsah eretsJob 28:243/12
Face of the worldpaneh tebelIsaiah 14:21
Farthest parts of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 25:323/12
Fountains of the great deepmayanahGenesis 7:113/6
GravesheolPsalms 30:33/13
GroundadamahGenesis 3:233/13
Heads (headwaters)roshGenesis 2:103/4
Highest partroshProverbs 8:263/4
Sea
Sides of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 6:223/12
Waterspouts (waterfalls)tsinnuwrPsalms 42:73/5
WorldtebelProverbs 8:26; 313/13
– Physical features of the Crust in Scripture.

Hell: αδη – Hadés

And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

(Luke 16:23) KJV

The New Testament (Greek) references to hell and the interior of the earth are in harmony with the spherical hollow earth model (SHEM) which we have constructed from the Old Testament (Hebrew).

Read more…

The Foundations of the World

Then the channels of the sea were seen, and the foundations of the world were laid bare at your rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of your nostrils.

(Psalms 18:15) ESV

It’s very important to understand nuance. It’s what we may call having discernment. Two similar phrases my mean different things because they have different tense or depending on if they are singular or plural.

The foundation of the world, for instance, when it’s singular and translated from Greek refers to the act of conception by which God the son was begotten. This explains the context of the phrase slain from the foundation of the world.

The foundation(s) of the world, in contrast, when it’s plural and translated from Hebrew refers to the crust and mantle of planet Earth.

Foundation(s) of the World/Earth

  1. the foundation of the world (Greek, singular)
    • conception
      • before God said let there be light,
      • the act of conception which begat God the Son.
  2. the foundation(s) of the earth (Hebrew)
    • gravitational singularity
      • the creative act of the 2nd day,
      • the inception of the core accretion model.
  3. the foundations of the world (Hebrew, plural)
    • the earth’s crust and mantle,
      • synonyms:
        1. bottoms of the mountains
        2. foundations of the hills
        3. foundations of the mountains

There’s a clear difference between the Hebrew erets (earth), and tebel (world). In the passage from Psalms above The foundations of the world (tebel) refers to the crust and mantle which were exposed as the ocean floor.

And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.

(2 Samuel 22:16) KJV

The passage from the Psalms is a restatement of this verse from 2 Samuel. It’s an excerpt from a prayer that King David prayed after surviving a series of battles with his enemies. He was giving thanks to God for protection and deliverance. The prayer refers to miraculous acts of God which were taught as part of the history of the children of Israel. It’s a reference to parting the Red Sea when the Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt.

This being the case, then the foundations of the world (tebel) was the exposed ocean floor that the children of Israel walked across to escape the Egyptian army. The foundation of the earth (erets) in our model is the core not the mantle. It’s below the lower mantle and separated from it by the great gulf.

This image may not be used to state or imply NOAA endorsement of any company or product Japan’s coastal sea floor topography. Computer model of ocean floor depth (bathymetry) off the eastern coast of Japan. The peaks are underwater mountains and volcanoes. The tectonic plate boundary is marked by the deep trench running through centre. It was here that a massive offshore earthquake on 11 March 2011 caused a tsunami that devastated the coast around Sendai. The sharp transition in depth increased the impact of this tsunami. This model, using the ETOPO-1 dataset, was produced by the Environmental Visualization Laboratory of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The Ground: הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה – adamah

Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

(Genesis 3:23) KJV

Levels of Hell

The Levels of Hell

LevelGrave (sheol)
Pit
(sahat/bowr)
Earth (erets)World (tebel)
Crustsheoleretstebel
Mantlemibbeten sheol
tavek sheol
yerekah bowr
tachti erets
erets tachti
mowcadah tebel
Great Gulf
(outer core)
bad sheolerets beriach
matsuq erets
mayim tachath erets
Core
(inner core)
sheol tachti
tachti erets
bowr, shachath
missahat beli
mowcadar erets
– The levels of hell correspond to the four zones of the interior of the Earth.

The Hebrews had a well developed idea of life after death. For them death, the grave, was a portal into a complex underworld realm. The grave is just the beginning of what happens next.

Read more…

God Planted a Garden

And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

(Genesis 2:8) KJV

Devolution is the process of genetic change over time by which the animals saved on Noah’s ark gave rise to the distribution of current biodiversity.

The probability that four habits evolved in 620 plant families is a number too big to display in Google Sheets. The probability that four habits were created with 620 flower types is not that big. Occam’s razor that.

Read more…

There Went up a Mist

And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.

(Genesis 2:5-6) KJV

On the 3rd day there was no rain upon the earth and there was not a man to till the ground. On the 6th day there was a man in the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it, logically there was also rain.

Read more…